How Many Species Of Geckos Are There?

Types of Geckos

Geckos are fascinating creatures that have captured the hearts of many reptile enthusiasts. With their distinctive features such as their sticky toe pads and bulging eyes, it’s no wonder that these lizards have gained popularity among pet owners. But have you ever wondered just how many species of geckos are out there?

The answer may surprise you. With over 1,500 species of geckos worldwide, these lizards come in a wide range of sizes, colors, and habitats. From the tiny dwarf geckos that can fit on a quarter to the giant tokay geckos that can grow up to a foot long, there’s no shortage of variety when it comes to these fascinating creatures. Join us as we dive into the world of geckos and explore the incredible diversity of these amazing lizards.

How Many Species of Geckos Are There?

How Many Species of Geckos Are There?

Geckos are a fascinating species of lizards that are found in various parts of the world. They come in different sizes, shapes, colors, and patterns, and have unique characteristics that make them stand out from other animals. But how many species of geckos are there? In this article, we’ll explore the different types of geckos and their numbers.

Gecko Classification

Geckos belong to the family Gekkonidae, which is a diverse group of lizards that includes over 1,500 species. They are further classified into subfamilies, genera, and species based on their physical traits, behavior, and habitat. The most popular subfamilies of geckos are Diplodactylinae, Eublepharinae, Gekkoninae, and Sphaerodactylinae.


This subfamily of geckos includes over 100 species that are found in Australia, New Zealand, and New Caledonia. They are known for their large size, strong legs, and adhesive toes that allow them to climb trees and rocks. Some of the common species in this subfamily are the giant gecko, the Auckland green gecko, and the southern leaf-tailed gecko.


Eublepharinae is a subfamily of geckos that includes eight genera and over 60 species that are native to Asia, Europe, and Africa. They are characterized by their lack of adhesive toes and their ability to blink their eyes, unlike other gecko species. Some of the well-known species in this subfamily are the leopard gecko, the fat-tailed gecko, and the African clawed gecko.

Gecko Species Count

The exact number of gecko species is difficult to determine due to the constant discovery of new species and the frequent changes in classification. However, it is estimated that there are over 1,500 species of geckos worldwide, with the majority of them found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

Gecko Species Distribution

Geckos are found across the globe, with the highest concentration of species in Asia, Africa, and Australia. New species are constantly being discovered in these regions, especially in areas with high biodiversity and limited human impact. Some of the countries with the highest number of gecko species are Madagascar, Indonesia, Australia, and Mexico.

Gecko Species Threats

Despite their widespread distribution, geckos are facing various threats to their survival, including habitat loss, climate change, and the illegal pet trade. Many species of geckos are endangered or critically endangered due to their limited distribution and habitat destruction. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these species and their habitats.

Benefits of Geckos

Geckos play an important role in their ecosystems as they are both predator and prey. They feed on insects and small animals, while also being a food source for larger predators. Geckos have also been used in traditional medicine for their supposed healing properties. In addition, geckos are popular pets due to their unique appearance and low maintenance requirements.

Geckos vs Other Lizards

Geckos are different from other lizards in many ways. They have specialized toe pads that allow them to climb vertical surfaces, while other lizards rely on their claws. Geckos also have no eyelids, instead, they have a transparent membrane that protects and cleans their eyes. Furthermore, geckos have a unique vocalization system that allows them to communicate with each other.


In conclusion, geckos are a diverse group of lizards that are found across the globe. With over 1,500 species, they are a fascinating subject of study and conservation. Despite the threats they face, geckos continue to play an important role in their ecosystems and human society.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many species of geckos are there?

Geckos are a diverse group of lizards that can be found all over the world in a wide variety of habitats. As of 2021, there are over 1,500 recognized species of geckos, making them one of the largest groups of lizards. However, new species are still being discovered and described by scientists, so the actual number of gecko species may be even higher.

Geckos come in many different shapes, sizes, and colors, and can range from just a few centimeters to over 30 centimeters in length. They are known for their unique features, such as their ability to climb walls and ceilings, their ability to detach their tails as a defense mechanism, and their large, expressive eyes.

What are some of the most common gecko species?

Some of the most commonly kept pet gecko species include leopard geckos, crested geckos, and tokay geckos. Leopard geckos are native to Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India, and are known for their docile nature and ease of care. Crested geckos are native to New Caledonia and are known for their unique appearance and ability to climb vertical surfaces. Tokay geckos are native to Southeast Asia and are known for their striking blue and orange coloration.

In addition to these popular pet species, there are many other gecko species that are found in the wild, such as the giant day gecko, the gold dust day gecko, and the African fat-tailed gecko. Each species has its own unique characteristics and care requirements, so it’s important to research the species thoroughly before getting a pet gecko.

Where do geckos live?

Geckos are found all over the world and can be found in a wide variety of habitats, from rainforests and deserts to grasslands and mountainous regions. Some gecko species are arboreal, meaning they live in trees and shrubs, while others are ground-dwelling or burrowing. Some geckos are also adapted to living in human habitats, such as houses and buildings.

Different gecko species have different environmental requirements, so it’s important to research the specific needs of the species you are interested in keeping. For example, some geckos require high humidity levels, while others prefer a drier environment. Providing the right habitat is essential for the health and well-being of your pet gecko.

What do geckos eat?

Geckos are carnivorous and primarily eat insects, such as crickets, mealworms, and roaches. Some larger gecko species may also eat small vertebrates, such as other lizards, mice, and even small birds. In the wild, geckos are opportunistic feeders and will eat whatever prey is available.

When keeping geckos as pets, it’s important to provide a varied and balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. Many pet stores sell pre-packaged insect diets that are designed specifically for geckos, but it’s also important to supplement their diet with live insects and other protein sources. It’s also important to dust their food with calcium and other vitamins to ensure they are getting all the nutrients they need.

Are geckos good pets?

Geckos can make great pets for the right person. They are generally low-maintenance and easy to care for, and can be fascinating to watch. However, it’s important to remember that geckos are living creatures that require proper care and attention to thrive.

Before getting a pet gecko, it’s important to research the specific species you are interested in and make sure you can provide the proper habitat, diet, and care. Geckos can live for several years, so it’s also important to consider the long-term commitment of owning a pet gecko. With proper care, however, geckos can make wonderful pets and provide years of enjoyment.

All of my Geckos (30+ Leachies, Cresteds, Gargoyles, Rare Species!)

In conclusion, the number of gecko species is a matter of ongoing research and debate among experts. While some sources suggest there may be over 2,000 different species, others estimate the number to be closer to 1,500 or even fewer. However, regardless of the exact number, it is clear that geckos are a diverse and fascinating group of reptiles that continue to capture the attention of scientists and enthusiasts alike.

Despite the challenges of classifying and identifying gecko species, researchers have made great strides in recent years. Advances in genetic analysis and other techniques have helped to uncover new species and shed light on the relationships between different groups of geckos. As a result, our understanding of these amazing creatures continues to evolve and expand.

Overall, the question of how many species of geckos there are remains a subject of ongoing investigation and discovery. While the exact number may never be known with certainty, one thing is clear: geckos are a vital part of our planet’s biodiversity and a source of endless fascination and wonder for those who study and observe them.

Aubrey Sawyer


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